Why do we have to moisturize?


Since almost every skin care beauty blog or article talks about the benefits of moisturizing the skin, I thought it will be good to understand the importance of it.

Our skin consists of 3 layers, the outer layer (epidermis), middle layer (dermis), and lower layer (hypodermis).1

The hypodermis consists of fat, nerves and blood vessels. Above this layer, the dermis consists of nerves, blood vessels, hair shafts and sebaceous glands, it is the sebaceous glands that gives the oily texture of the skin. The epidermis layer provides a barrier to the infection from environmental surroundings and regulates the amount of water released form the body to the atmosphere.1

Why does our skin dry out? A very simple process similar to the process of drying up anything. When the surrounding temperature is on the high end or the air is dry, the skin dries out because of the water loss or evaporation from the body to the surroundings through the dermis layer of the skin. Furthermore, exposure to harsh chemicals, like the cleaning products, also upsets the skin’s natural balance of water by removing its lipids. This water loss process can be affected by temperature, metabolism and variations in sweat and gland activity. This is why some people have drier skin than others under the same weather and natural circumstances.

How does moisturizers help?

Most moisturizers work on the cells in the epidermis layer to prevent any moisture from leaving the skin. Moisturizers mainly have a significant amount of water in them. Also, they contain some oils to trap the water on the skin so that it doesn’t evaporate immediately.

Leaving the moisturizer out of your routine could lead to deeper wrinkles and quick aging later. When the skin becomes dry, there’s actually a low-grade chronic inflammation which leads to breakdown of collagen.  In addition to this, skin will look dull and flaky, dry skin can be stripped of lipids, which are part of the outer, protective layer. Therefore, irritants can enter more easily and cause redness and flaking.

And of course, your makeup won’t look flawless, little lines under the eyes look worse if you don’t hydrate your face before applying the base makeup. Our makeup artists at Bellalist advise all customers to prepare and hydrate the skin really well before the appointment to get the best results. Stay Bella ladies 😊



  1. https://www.scienceabc.com/humans/how-does-a-skin-lotion-moisturizer-emollient-occlusive-work.html

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